eye syndrome is a common disease in which the eye under-produces tears
or tears leave the eye too quickly. A normal functioning eye
constantly produces tears to form a tear film, which acts as
moisturizer and lubricant. For someone with dry eye, the resulting
lack of moisture and lubrication can cause a variety of problems.
Dry eye symptoms may include:
A burning, stinging, or scratchy sensation in the eyes.
Eyes may redden and become easily irritated by wind or smoke.
The eyes may produce stringy mucus.
Contact lenses may be difficult or impossible to wear.
Sometimes the eye will actually produce excessive tears, and overflow.*
*Though it sounds contradictory,
sometimes the eye will actually produce excessive tears, and overflow.
The eye becomes irritated by the lack of lubrication and attempts to
cleanse itself with a flood of tears. This is a similar phenomenon to
the tearing that occurs when foreign matter is stuck in one’s eye.
Dry eye syndrome is typically more common in older
people and women; however, there are many other factors that can cause
this to happen. A common cause of dry eye can be over the counter and
prescription medications such as antihistamines, beta-blockers,
sleeping pills, pain relievers and many others. Overuse of diuretics
can also play a role in developing dry eye. For this reason, it is
very important to inform your ophthalmologist about any medications you
are currently taking, which can help the doctor in the proper diagnosis
of the disease.
Sometimes the cause is unknown in a case of dry
eye. Known causes of dry eye may be natural, related to a larger
condition, or the side effect of certain medications. Also, tear
production often slows down as people get older. This is particularly
common for women after menopause.
Treatments for dry eye:
Conserving tears: An effective way to make
better use of the tears in the eye is surgery to close the tear ducts,
thus preventing existing tears from leaving the eye as quickly. This
may be done temporarily, with punctal plugs made of collagen, or
permanently with silicone plugs or by cauterizing the tear ducts closed.
Controlling one’s environment: Patients
should avoid situations in which tears evaporate quickly; for example,
by using a humidifier in a dry house, wearing wrap-around glasses in
the wind, and not smoking.
If you are experiencing any symptoms of dry eye, we encourage you to contact us today to schedule a consultation.
Dr. Casey is proud of his reputation as a leading LASEK, PRK and LASIK Las Vegas specialist. He is also renowned as an accomplished cataract surgery Las Vegas expert who uses sophisticated IOLs, such as ReStor, ReZoom and Crystalens, to replace the eye’s natural lens clouded by cataracts. In addition, Dr. Casey specializes in helping presbyopia patients achieve clear vision through the leading-edge near vision CK procedure.
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